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Cardiopulmonary Services LMH Services

Cardiopulmonary Services

The Cardiopulmonary Services Department provides a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic services designed to help diagnose and treat cardiac, respiratory, and neurological disorders. The CPS department maintains a staff of 19 registered and certified respiratory therapists to provide care to our patients 24 hours/day, 7 days/week.

Diagnostic Services
Cardiac tests such as Electrocardiograms (EKG), Cardiac Stress Tests, and Holter Monitors provide important diagnostic information about the patient's cardiovascular health. Although these tests are sometimes performed as part of a routine check-up or physical, they are typically performed on patients complaining of chest pain or abnormal heart rhythms. Electrocardiograms and cardiac stress tests are extremely useful in the early detection of coronary artery disease and heart attack. Holter monitors can detect serious problems, such as potentially dangerous arrhythmias, but are generally used to evaluate patients with less serious conditions like dizziness or a rapid heart rate.

Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) and Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) are both used to evaluate the efficient function of the lungs. A PFT measures the volume and flow rate of exhaled gases and provides the physician with valuable information about the lung's obstructive or restrictive properties. Arterial blood gas values reflect the body's ability to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the cells. This test is often used to determine if a patient needs supplemental oxygen or ventilatory support.

Electroencephalograph (EEG) is a neurological test that measures the electrical activity of the brain. It is used to evaluate patients who have had seizures, passed out, are unresponsive, have alterations in their behavior, or have lost the ability to function normally.

Therapeutic Services
The CPS department also provides respiratory therapy modalities to patients with asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and other respiratory disorders. Modalities such as oxygen therapy, aerosolized medications (bronchodilators), and chest physical therapy help control and relieve the symptoms of these respiratory disorders. Although most patients only need these basic modalities to control or relieve their symptoms some patients have respiratory distress that may become life threatening. In these cases, the use of life-support equipment may be necessary. Mechanical ventilators help the patient breathe while the underlying cause of their distress is treated. Mechanical ventilators are available for ages including infants and neonates.

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